Leopard geckos have become one of the most popular reptile pet. These are very good because they take up little space, does not need much attention and looks beautiful.
Unlike most geckos, leopard geckos have eyelids to keep the dust out of their eyes in their natural habitat. Leopard geckos have rough furnished skin with small bumps along it’s back and tail.
Its body is yellow with leopard-like spots. When they are very young, they have dark and light bands across their body and tail.
Leopard Gecko Size
Leopard geckos can reach full size in 18 months and males can reach 9 inches and females 8 inches.
There has been a record of some geckos reaching up to 12 inches. Leopard geckos can live for more than 20 years so make sure you are committed to something that will live for that long
For each gecko that you house, you should have about 10″x10″ of floor space and should be at least 10″ high. Check out our list of best leopard gecko enclosures.
The substrate should be calci-sand because if the gecko eat this it doesn’t cause impactions and also gives them the calcium they need in their diet.
A small water dish should be provided at all times but make sure it is not too large so that the gecko may drown.
There should always be at least 2 hiding places for 1 gecko and the same with 2 geckos. If you have 3 geckos you will need 3 hiding places etc.
To make the enclosure look attractive, fake silk or plastic plants may be used. Do not use live plants as this raises the humidity level and they could die. Some plants may also be toxic to your gecko.
Water & Humidity:
Make sure you provide your leopard gecko with fresh clean water daily. Good humidity helps in the shedding process, but too much is not good. The humidity level can be from 50-60% but they can tolerate levels up to 70%.
Lighting & Heating
The temperature inside the tank should 29-30C (84-90F) during the day and around 24C (75F) at night. You should have a spotlight at one end of the tank and a heat mat at the other end during the day but at night only leave the heat mat on.
You should put a basking rock under the spotlight because when this heats up it heats the underbelly of your gecko and aids in digesting their food.
Leopard geckos should be fed on crickets, king or giant mealworms, locusts, mealworms, waxworms and earthworms. These insects should be dusted with a multi vitamin and calcium supplement.
Make sure you only use the recommended amount. Before you feed your insects to your gecko, make sure they are gut-loaded with vegetables, fruit, fish food, oats and even dog-food is good to gut-load your insects.
Feed your geckos every day or every other day. 15-20 crickets a week each is fine if they are only fed on crickets (not recommended).
Make sure whatever you feed your gecko comes to about 15 crickets worth. It is an idea to feed your gecko before the lights come on in the morning because they might only eat in the dark. This way they will warm up and digest their food quicker when the lights come on.
You should start to handle your gecko when they are young so that they learn that humans are not dangerous. It might also be an idea to offer a treat on the palm of your hand for your gecko to eat because this will also tame your gecko. If allowed, your gecko will crawl all over your body, do not be afraid of them biting you though because they never bite unless they genuinely mistake your finger for food.
You should be careful when you handle your gecko not to pick it up by the tail as they have the ability to break off the tail (and be re-grown but not as nice as the first one). If they do lose their tail, make sure they get more food and attention as the tail is to store fat and metabolic water reserves.
Leopard geckos shed their skin often, about once every three weeks. If humidity is low, they can have problems with shedding, especially around the toes. If not taken seriously there can have their toes fall off.
The best way to assure proper shedding is to offer a moist hide. This is a shelter or a deli cup with a hole cut in the side for an entrance. Fill with a small layer of moist peat moss, sphagnum moss, or Bed-a-Beast. Keep an inexpensive spray bottle filled with water to keep the moss moist.