Chameleons Habitat Checklist

Are you bringing a chameleon home soon? I will be teaching you the first steps to take to arrange and organize the home of your pet to make it comfortable and cozy. Starting with what to put in mind before to purchase a suitable enclosure online on the Reptiles supplies Store or in your surrounding’s pet store. 

After that comes the installation of the right supplies, as preparing the cage with plants, lighting and heating equipment, mist or humidity control instrument. The final most important phase will be to ensure proper care and attention to the cage to avoid pests such as unwanted insects, and other harmful creatures that could pose a threat to your reptile.

The Cage or Terrarium

The chameleon habitat could be a wire cage or glass terrarium. You should choose a cage commensurate with the size of your chameleon; that is, a big cage for big chameleons and a small to medium cage for small ones too.

If the climate around the house is mostly warm I would recommend an open air enclosure. However, a terrarium is also good if you live in a very cold region as it maintains a good temperature and humidity levels.

The height of the cage is more important with chameleons. The Recommended size for a chameleon cage is at least 16 x 16 x 30 but again it all depends on the size of chameleon you are getting.

Here is a list of best cages for chameleons.

Plants in the Habitat

Your chameleon needs plants that will enhance its mobility and comfort in the habitat. Put a non-poisonous plant in the cage for the reptile to climb. In some cases, it could eat the leaves or bark of the tree. Here is a good enclosure plant from amazon Penn-Plax Reptology Climber Vine Reptile Terrarium Plant.

The Floor (Substrate)

The ground is another thing to consider. The floor of your enclosure should be made up of something big enough for them not to swallow. Tiny particles from mulch, loose gravel, and other material could get caught in their passageways and block them from getting air, or might possibly be toxic if swallowed.

Big rocks and/or dirt is always a good idea. The more naturalistic, the more real, the more you know you can trust it. Zoo Med Eco Earth Bricks is a good choice for chameleons.


You can decorate your reptile’s home with artificial leaves, fruits, branches, and other flexible parts of the plant where the pet can climb, hide, and even drink droplets of water enhanced by the humid environment.  

Meanwhile, if you cannot afford the artificial decorations, simply introduce some natural branches and leaves where the reptile can climb or sit in the cage. Place the branches vertically and others horizontally across the habitat for an easy movement. The enclosure itself gives a pretty exotic touch to your interior placing it in your living room or near your desk. Think of putting one or two big plants next to it for a better tropical corner in your house.


Note that the enclosure should be fairly hot on the top and cooler on the ground, so your chameleon can move around a variety of temperature zones, depending on its mood and needs. If you want to be sure that you are providing the appropriate temperature into the tank, it wouldn’t hurt to have at least one Thermometer.

If you can provide tow, place one near the top of the enclosure, and one at ground level, you can easily keep tabs on the temperature range being provided to your reptile. Zoo Med Labs Digital Thermometer Humidity Gauge works great for chameleon cages.


To make sure if your chameleon is being comfortable inside the tank or not, ensure that an optimum humidity level is regularly maintained into the enclosure. For this cause, I highly recommend to set up a Thermometer and Humidity Gauge. You can get Zoo Med Labs Digital Thermometer Humidity Gauge and correctly measure humidity inside the enclosure.


Water is highly important of course. Chameleons need water just like every other creature surviving on this planet. It is recommended to use a misting device, and place it over top the enclosure to replicate rain. The water droplets collect in crystal-like beads on the leaves of the plants, and your chameleon will absorb the water with it’s long tongue when it becomes thirsty.

Somewhere between enough and too much water is fine, just dampen the area to where your friend can get a drink. Lightly dampen it, but not too lightly. Just don’t drown the ground beneath. If you see your chameleon taking refuge in the high foliage it’s probably time to stop misting. We recommend Zoo Med Reptifogger Terrarium Humidifier.


Food for your chameleon means lots and lots of bugs. Chameleons are masters at hiding from predators, but to insects they are predators themselves. Crickets, mealworms, super-worms, wax-worms, wax-moths, and roaches all make excellent choices for most species of chameleon. If you have a variety of these bugs, even better. Now here’s where it gets tricky; be sure to feed your bugs healthy.


Yes, in order to maintain a stable and balanced diet for your chameleon, you may have to ensure that the bugs you are feeding it get proper nutrition too. Keep them in a space somewhere where they can feed off of veggies and good fruit. When you think they’ve been properly metabolized, you may even want to dust them with a vitamin D and calcium mixture. This aids in digestion and allows your pet to get the most benefit from the bugs it enjoys.

I am the editor-in-chief at, a site that is devoted to reptiles and the people who love them. I have been keeping and breeding many pet reptiles such as bearded dragons, geckos, chameleons, etc. for over 10 years now.

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